Tactical Planning is Short range planning that emphasizes the current operations of various parts of the organization.

Short Range is  defined as a period of time extending about one year or less in the future.

Managers use tactical planning  to outline what the various parts of the organization must do for the organization to be successful at some point 1year or less into the future.

Tactical plans are usually developed in the areas of production, marketing, personnel, finance and plant facilities.


Basic differences between strategic planning and tactical planning:

  1. Since upper managers generally have a better understanding of the organization as a whole than lower level managers do, upper management generally develops the strategic plans and because lower level managers generally have better understanding of the day to day organizational operations, generally the lower level managers develop the tactical plans.           
  2. Because Strategic  Planning emphasizes analyzing the future and tactical planning emphasizes analysing the everyday functioning of the organization,facts on which to base strategic plans are usually more difficult to gather than are facts on which to base tactical plans.                                                                                                                       
  3. Because strategic plans are based primarily on a prediction of the future and tactical plans on known circumstances that exist within the organization, strategic plans are generally less detailed than tactical plans.                                                                             
  4. Because strategic planning focuses on the long term and tactical planning on the short term, strategic plans cover a relatively long period of time whereas tactical plans cover a relatively short period of time.

Despite their differences, tactical and strategic planning are integrally related. Manager need both tactical and strategic planning program, and these program must be closely related to be successful.

Tactical planning should focus on what to do in the short term to help the organization achieve the long term objectives determined by strategic planning.



  1. I so much like the clear understanding of tactical planning and strategic planning by MANAGEMENT INNOVATIONS.


  2. what is god going to do? Lol god isn’t going to get people up off their asses and make them learn. If he existed then he would.


  3. In essence this means that its the strategic objective that are broken down by the middle managers to create tactical goals! Right?
    So in effect the no, 5 difference is that tacticals objectives are derived from strategic goals


  4. There can be no better way than what you have given and explained in details its a blessing having brains around the world to make life meaningful. Congrats


  5. You could mention Certo & Certo who actually wrote the material you used in your article. The book “Modern Management, Concepts and Skills”


  6. Thankyou very. much for description and clear explaination between strategic and tactical planning.May God continue to bless


  7. Thanks Allah for your wonderful explanation of the differences between tactical and strategic planning. Thank you for implanting such words in the brains of those who explained them here. Allahu Akbar !


  8. Hey! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading this post reminds me of
    my previous room mate! He always kept chatting about this.
    I will forward this article to him. Pretty sure he will have a
    good read. Thank you for sharing!


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.