Management Principles developed by Henri Fayol: 

  1. DIVISION OF WORK: Work should be divided among individuals and groups to ensure  that effort and attention are focused on special portions of the task. Fayol presented work specialization as the best way to use the human resources of the organization.                                                                                                                   
  2. AUTHORITY: The concepts of Authority and responsibility are closely related. Authority was defined by Fayol as the right to give orders and the power to exact obedience. Responsibility involves being accountable, and is therefore naturally associated with authority. Whoever assumes authority also assumes responsibility.                                                              
  3. DISCIPLINE: A successful organization requires the common effort of workers. Penalties should be applied judiciously to encourage this common effort.                                                                              
  4. UNITY OF COMMAND: Workers should receive orders from only one manager.                                                                                              
  5. UNITY OF DIRECTION: The entire organization should be moving towards a common objective in a common direction.                                                                                                        
  6. SUBORDINATION OF INDIVIDUAL INTERESTS TO THE GENERAL INTERESTS: The interests of one person should not take priority over the interests of the organization as a whole.                                                                                                                                        
  7. REMUNERATION: Many variables, such as cost of living, supply of qualified personnel, general business conditions, and success of the business, should be considered in determining a worker’s rate of pay.                                                                                                  
  8. CENTRALIZATION: Fayol defined centralization as lowering the importance of the subordinate role. Decentralization is increasing the importance. The degree to which centralization or decentralization should be adopted depends on the specific organization in which the manager is working.                                                                                                                  
  9. SCALAR CHAIN: Managers in hierarchies are part of a chain like authority scale. Each manager, from the first line supervisor to the president, possess certain amounts of authority. The President possesses the most authority; the first line supervisor the least. Lower level managers should always keep upper level managers informed of their work activities. The existence of a scalar chain and adherence to it are necessary if the organization is to be successful.                                                                                                    
  10. ORDER: For the sake of efficiency and coordination, all materials and people related to a specific kind of work should be treated as equally as possible.                                                                          
  11. EQUITY: All employees should be treated as equally as possible.                                                                                                                 
  12. STABILITY OF TENURE OF PERSONNEL: Retaining productive employees should always be a high priority of management. Recruitment and Selection Costs, as well as increased product-reject rates are usually associated with hiring new workers.                                                                                                 
  13. INITIATIVE: Management should take steps to encourage worker initiative, which is defined as new or additional work activity undertaken through self direction.                                                    
  14. ESPIRIT DE CORPS: Management should encourage harmony and general good feelings among employees.

 

MANAGEMENT INNOVATIONS

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625 thoughts on “HENRI FAYOL’S 14 Principles of Management

    1. Dear Nikita,

      Thanks for reading the blog and asking the question.

      I invite you to do some thinking and share what you see, as how these principles are applicable.

      After that thnking, i invite you to ask specific question regarding application of a specific principle in a specific organizational setup. that might be more useful.

      Thanks

      Manoj Onkar

      MANAGEMENT INNOVATIONS

      Like

  1. i’m a student. i need henri fayol principles because i will submit the assignment.this is easy to understand and i’m very thakfull of you.

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    1. The principles were basically grouped under:
      1.Technical activities – Production, manufacture
      2. Commercial activities – buying, selling exchange
      3. Security activities – Protection of property and persons
      4. Financial Activity- Optimal use of capital
      5. Accounting Activities – stock taking, balance sheet and statistics
      6. Managerial or administrative activities

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  2. We discussed this in our class this morning. And we think that Number 4 (unity of command) and Number 5 (unity of direction) is the same.
    And do you think? =) just sharing.

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    1. Thanks Weng Gamitin for your response.

      You are assuming Unity of Command will lead to Unity of direction. That is ideal situation, but many a times it does not happen that way.

      One of the reason for the difference between the two, is lack of clear strategy and lack of discipline on sticking to the strategy and not doing anything which is contrary to the strategy. Easier said than done.

      Thanks
      Manoj Onkar
      Managmenet Innovations

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  3. With references to an organisation (eg. Telecommunication company), discuss the applicability of the Fayol’s 14 principles of management.

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  4. i want to thank henri fayol for what he has done concerningthis discoveries. The 14 principle of management has helped me alot and has also helped many student so far. I love this site and i pray may God increase u in jesus name amen.

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  5. as business student i must appreciate that this’s a wonderful work believe me very few undetrstand the concepts n principles of mgt by henry fayol that’s why we do have mgt crisis in most of our institution tyhanks God bless ya i need more on maslows theory n its applicability to institutions

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  6. TO SAY THE LEAST, I AM SHORT OF WORDS AS I NEVER KNEW THAT SUCH A SITE WHERE THE ACCURATE AND PRECISE DATA NEEDED AS A PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION STUDENT EVER EXISTS. GOD BLESS YOU AMEN.

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  7. Henri fayol’s principles are very good and i hope it would help me further a lot..
    Thanks to the website for introducing this site…

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  8. i want to thank henry fayol on his work to help the student.i am student of poly ibadan oyo state nigeria.thanks

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  9. Thank God for people like Henry Fayol, who gave us particularly students of public administration the opportunity to know and apply these principles which will less hectic and cumbasome of managers’ joy by 14 principles
    Thank God for his life.
    From Nigeria

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  10. Ram Ram sir,

    Thanks ,ur 14 principles of management help me alot 2 overcum a typical issue in a organisation.

    Thanks alot
    Latika

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    1. EFFECTIVE, the organization obtains the set goals. EFFICIENT, the goals are obtained at the lowest cost possible in terms of resources and time. Henry F. Mulindwa, UGANDA

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  11. Wow! Its wonderful,the scholar H Fayol has done it all,the principles can be applied in every aspect of human endeavour.

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  12. Dis site should b named ‘HUMAN DEVELOPER’ cos i can see how positively it has helped we Management students in our academics.God bless!

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  13. Thiz site should have been named “Bed learning” coz ones can learn at the comfort of his/her bed! itz so useful and helpful!

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  14. thanks for providing all me all the information required for my presentation and helping me to gain more knowledge about management.

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  15. You have given an optimized amount of explanation o each principle. this accounts to be a perfect answer in a question paper. thanks.

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  16. I like this site very much.What is the difference between the scintific management school theory(Fedrick W Taylor) and classical management theory(Henri Fayol)?Pls answer me.

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  17. What are the positive effects of each of the following?
    1)division of work
    2)equity
    3)initiative
    4)disipline
    5)unity of direction

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  18. I realy give cudos to this Website developer. He made Henri Fayol 14 principle more clearer and understandable to people who have being going through difficulties in understanding them. Pls, is this Principles generaly aplicable to both small scale, medium scale and Big organization? Answere to arometimothy@yahoo.com

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  19. very superb that Mr Henry Fayol has done it all and made it very easier for all student of management and whoever is in need of it, and for the better operate of a business organization

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    1. i find it impossible to imagine how creative some one of fayol’s generation could com up with brilliant ideas of this magnitude.congrats

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  20. Equity is hardly found in the work place. When it comes to the problem of sexual harrassment, if a lady does not respond to her superior the one that responds sexually is treated well, but she on the other hand gets harrssed and abused all the time. I wish all organizations would keep this principle in mind

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  21. i want to get more information about how useful these 14 principles management prove beneficial for a modern day manager in his/her function.

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    1. the 14 principles of management propounded by HENRY FAYOL has made us to the fundamental truth in an organization and also defined the line of authority and responsibility in and organization.

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    1. the principle of HENRY FAYOL’S has help in any aspect of business, it made to understand the the principle of management has help many organization today in achieving their objective with it principle no any organization would stand a chance of achieving their goals. so the introduction of 14 principle as plays a major role in any successful organization today.

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  22. Its a priviledge even to visit this site. This is because, even as a Management and Accounting student i have gained alot even from Henri Fayol’s principle. God bless you

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  23. i cant believe all these miracles made by henri fayol. he has stressed out the true format of how to manage organization efficiently, productively and effectively. he has offered a wide range of skills and knowlegde to these who need it especially me martin so congrajulations he deserve a credit for his theories

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      1. isn’t it true that remuneration as a way of encouraging participation can lead to worker”s laxity in job?

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  24. In the life management henry fayol is a backbone for both E-management and office management, it is henry fayol make clearity between F(2M+O) =HRM. function(maneger, messenger and others) is equal to human resources managemen, Thanks.

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  25. In the life management henry fayol is a backbone for both E-management and office management, it is henry fayol make clearity between F(2M+O) =HRM. function(maneger, messenger and others) is equal to human resources management, Thanks.

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  26. Please, i’m a student of management science. I wil like to know how this 14 principles affect the management of today.

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  27. thanks for the page of henri fayol. i guessed he has triumphed all of these like an experiment …yet …good management depends on the kind of attitude / behavior a certain individual has NOT because of what degree he/she earns …

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  28. thanks for this site. pls i want to know the effect of the contribution of henri fayol to the development of management?

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  29. Sir Could you please explain how the Henry Fayol’s 14 principles relevent to indian administration? or How can we adopt these principles to indian administration?

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  30. thanx for providing such notz……it was realy relevant……the language was so simple and understanding……………….thanx once again

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  31. Pls can u delibrate on the orgin of the principle of management or did henri fayol start the whole principle

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  32. I lyk SUBORDINATION OF INDIVIDUALS INTEREST TO THE GENESAL AND EQUITY I hope mangers will abibe by it b’cos som mangers are showin partiality in organization n places of work.

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    1. first of all we have to make the illiterate employees aware about the procedures of the organisation. then make it more practicalised rather than theoratical application of principles.. the peoples get more simple while make it practical

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  33. It is one the most important principles for the future managers . .. . .. By heart it and it will be very much useful

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  34. i just start studying management and i think there is no any organization can use fayol, max weber or any other and focus on it they have to play and jump from one to another school as the per the situation, even though, there are some principles not working well in our life like centralization

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  35. thanks 4 the developers who helps me to study the principles thoroughly&briefly….will you please give me examples for each?thereby i can know that how it is applicable…….!

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  36. the explanation given for STABILITY OF TENURE IS NOT CORRECT it means reduction of unnecesary shifting of employee from one job to other.

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  37. I very thankful to u for these fayol’s principles but why not include these examples where these apply….plz include examples also,,,,

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  38. I very thankful to u for these fayol’s principles but why not include these examples where these apply….plz include examples also,,,,

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  39. Thanks for that nice site. Am a student, and I would like to know the clear- cut differences between management and administration

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  40. An organisation that do not practice these principles to the letter and efforts to ensure the needs prove abortive, what should: (1) The management do? (2) The employee do if he/she is affected due to mgt failure to apply these principles?

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  41. Hai sir.I want you to thank for providing a nots on principals of management as i was in need of this and i took help from your notes for the prepration of my assignment.thank you once again sir.

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    1. management is a social science, when we look at the school of management thought, we have scientific management school, which means workers believe in one best way to perform there task, and these one best way is a scientific method.

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    1. the words management is very necessary to any business organization because, it involve the following function, planing, organizing, leading and control the effort of orders to perform a task, in going into any business in this world, you require plan without planing you cannot even organize without organizing they is not nothing to lead and without all these you have no any business to idea to run. therefore, management as the name implies is very necessary in all aspect of any business one has to engage his/her self into.

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  42. Please, i’m a student of management science. I wil like to know how this 14 principles can be aplied in organisatoin in nigeria

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  43. Hello sir, this is what even i have learned.. i have referred to various websites and mangement books. But i still coudnt find my answer. I want to know how these principles can be applied in a departmental store??? Its pretty much common sense. But then why did Fayol give these principles??? Actually im doing an assignment. So it wld be really helpful if u cld answer the question.

    Thank you.

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  44. what a powerful contributions u people have made. thanks very much it is making the students to really likes management.

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  45. being a student at the university level I personally felt happy after seeing 14 points of management in detail. keeep it up mr, Fayol

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  46. Respected sir I ‘m a student i need henry fayol 14 principles with examples because i had to submit the assignment this is easy to understand and iam very thankfull of you….

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  47. management is the approach of experience,motivation,intiation,leadership,science,arts ,organisation & staffing .but just to mention afew. am a student at MKU studing principles of management which has made metothink big beyond mgnt level.

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  48. The 14 principles of management propounded by Henri Fayol, exist only in theory in Nigeria’s public sector. Number 4, 6, 7, 11, 12 & 13. are not applicable, number 11 Equity can not even be mention even in the police, Nigeria operate on the principle of ethnicity, federal character, tribe, man know man, and religion. I wander where we are heading to.

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  49. Man votal ltd is a company that has been doing well over the years, she is known by its well paid wages to the workers, but of recent the management decided to reduce pay to the workers by 60% and that has resulted to low performance by the workers. Which aspect of Fayol’s 14 principles was breached and what would be your submission in order to remedy the situation in man votal ltd?

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  50. Any organization without culture will not live, any without well defined levels of authority will have leadership problem, any without spelt out duties will not be effective and any without peace and unity will not excel. Pay is very important in an organisation and must be given attention, managers who take side in judgement are not good managers. How many Fayol’s principle of management were affected in the analysis above. Kindly give a brief submission on the entire situation stated above.

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    1. full name Henri Fayor he was born 1841 and died 1925 he was major contributor 2 scientific management thought & leading french industrialist in he published his famous book ‘admistration industrielle et generale(general and industrial management) in the book Fayol proposed the 14 principles of management.

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    2. HENRY FAYOL(1981-1925): He was a french mining engineer. He worked as the director of mines also.After conducting many experiments in management,he developed 14 principles of management. These principles are explained in his famous book ‘General and Industrial Administration’. Due to his contribution to management, he is called the father of Modern Management’.

      Shifin Philips

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  51. this principles prooved to b very help for my exams as it came for 10 marks .. thanks for providing me with the 14 principles of henri Fayol

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  52. A company has been known by its well paid wages to the workers,but of recent the management decided to reduce the pay to the workers by 60% and that has result to low performance by the workers.which aspect of fayol’s 14 principles of management were breached and what would your submission be in order to remedy the situation in the company.

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  53. i want to know how this 14 principles applied to any company like tcs or reliance?? plz rply soon i want to make my project…

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  54. Gud a.m. Wel i hav cin most of ur input, some negetiv some positiv, but al d same tanx. Henry fayol develop dis principle out of xperienz {scul of hard knock}, wen he was servin hir master he discover dat dis tinz wer nt der so wen he bcam d oga he came up wid dis principles. Tanx i luv u al, compliment of d season

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  55. Dear Sir,
    I would like to thanks for your valuable text you have provided. The knowledge is really very precious and can not be found like this.

    Thanks & Regards
    Yogendra Tiwari

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  56. hello… would you please give me examples for each principle in an organization?? how do companies deal with each of the 14 principles? please I need your help

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  57. when i was in college..i keep memorizing his 14 principles, great author!
    it help me a lot, in paving my career !
    thanks a lot Mr. Fayol

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  58. Managers in some organisations are very corrupt and this hinders The applicatiön of henry fayols principles Of management.eg:Renumeration where part of Workers salary Is spent on bribing the supervisors! _(reuben langat:marist International university)

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  59. Some of the managers fails to comply with these principles yet they are very important in any organization or company. They make the company to run smoothly without any misunderstanding between the employees and employers.

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  60. The principle of order is very important but I think it was not well explainned.I feel it ought to be ”the act of having the right job/work being done by the right person at the right time using the right tools & equipments at the right place in the correct way. or ORDER may mean the right resources being at the right place in time for use and has to be used in a manner priscribed for it.

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  61. Management should also put motivation aspect very seriously in any organization to help every employee put his best into the job so as to enhance greater achievement.

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  62. Management should also put motivation aspect seriously in any organization to help every employee put his best into the job so as to enhance greater achievement.

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  63. The book is a Bible or Bhagwat Gita which means always referable by anybody who wants to be a perfect Manager with Principles

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  64. I am a management student, and just came accross this site. I then say it a blessing to all concern students. “Great thanks to the developers”

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  65. i need this principles of management to submit as my assignment thankyou so much making me understand it in such an easy manner

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  66. I like it. i would require if i can get this through mail it will bridge the communication gap. the principles can be applied coz it covers all what is needed to keep the organisation on track

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  67. the henRi faYoLs pRinCipLes are such eaSy 2 undErStand .. OuR inStRuctor toLd us to oNly PasS 12 pRinCipLeS buT i maKe it as 14 pRinCples (folLOwing fayols pRInciple). thnks ..

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  68. i hav agreed that without these 14 principles, mgt cannot success it own affairs but mi quitz is that wat is different btw number 10 n 11

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  69. please assist me with an essay that describes the application of the 14 principles of management by Henry fayol in a known organization. Thanks you.

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  70. if the organizations that are given a responsibility to service people could apply these methods all what we see as daily violent protests can be thanks the past

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  71. Please I would like to know if these 14principles are really effective in some organizations and also to know those organizations who really takes it seriously

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  72. Is human resource planning different from human resource management and how. Please I need your help,am studying Bachelors of human resource management

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  73. I am reading in 2 commerce in BJB junior college and I am influenced by your principles. Can you tell me how the principles has its effect on management of our country and how can the principles are made to be more proficient ?

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  74. It is very interesting concepts but i want to ask one thing essential,what are the criteria for employee promotion,delegation and development

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  75. thanks for that informatio,am limvbali ronald from kabale university.are these principles applicable in newly opened schools

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  76. Am at Uganda Managment Institute pursuing DPPM. Am really thankfull With u Henri Fayol, great mind and work. God bless u

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  77. IN VIEW OF THE NEW CHALLENGES OF 21St century, which among the management principles do you think can help improve pricate sector performance?

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  78. IN VIEW OF THE NEW CHALLENGES OF 21St century, which among the management principles do you think can help improve private sector performance?

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  79. am arcad wilbroad ilamu from Tanzania institute of accountance,its trully what henry fayols says though in action may be differ according to how,what and where do management conduct it in practice

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  80. To what extent is Henri Fayol’s principles of management applicable in Nigeria. Explain the relationships between management levels and skills. Thank you.

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  81. Wow! Nice and good tips on management. My question is there difference between this Fayols 14 principles of management and principles of scientific management.

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  82. Management is said to be the act of getting done through people. Since it cannot be done with a single individual, fayol nown apply these principles precisely to to be as guide line and also a process to follow to enhance the smooth running of any given organisation

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